Religious Revitalization Movement Examples & Definition
A paper known as “Revitalization Movement” was published in 1956 by Anthony F.C Wallace. It was a paper describing the way cultures changed.
In its simplest form, a revitalization movement is an organized and intentional effort made by members of a society to come up with a culture that offers more satisfaction. In his paper, Anthony F.C Wallace dwelled richly on the process involved in revitalization movement.
Wallace’s paper on revitalization movement was gotten from studies focused on a Native American religious movement. This movement was known as the Code of Handsome Lakes and most likely responsible for bringing the Longhouse Religion into existence.
Wallace theory of revitalization movement came from studying primitive people. While studying primitive people, he gave a lot of attention to the revitalization movement that had prophet HandsomeLake and Seneca religious leader as its leader. Wallace was a strong believer of the effect of this revitalization movement model on the existence of religions such as Wesleyan Methodism, Buddhism, Islam, or Christianity.
Stages of Revitalization Movement
According to Wallace’s paper on revitalization movement, this movement takes place in five stages. They are;
- The stage of getting adapted to the natural, as well as the social environment of a group. This stage is also known as the steady stage. In this stage, aspirations are generally accessible. They are also met.
- The stage of an increase in stress on different individuals and on the society at large. It is a major fluctuation of a state that is already stable. It is characterized by internal disruption, war, disease, and conquest. Although the group in its entirety can exist through the cultural behavior that it is already used to, individuals might struggle to get the satisfaction they require. This usually happens when there is a change in the natural or social environment of the group
- Stage of cultural distortion. This is a point where there is total or partial absolute cultural deprivation. It involves a collapse in religious, political, and socio-economic institutions. In this stage, it is impossible to fulfill personal, as well as cultural aspirations. When there is a change in the natural, as well as the social environment of a group, a cultural behavior that most members of the group are already accustomed to might fail to provide satisfaction for the emotional and physical needs of people in the group.
- Stage of revitalization: This stage takes place in different phases. First, a cultural pattern is reformulated. This could be religious, technological, economic, or political. This is followed closely by its communication. The code that just got formulated is communicated. It is a point people choose to stand with the group or leave. What happens next is a reformulated cultural pattern gets organized. This organized reformulated cultural pattern gets adapted to meet the group’s preferences, as well as needs. Cultural adaptation is next and is closely followed by routinization.
- The last stage is a point where there is an adaptation to the changed natural/ social environment of the group.